Quantity-Sensitivity in Modern OT

by Hope McManus


Figure 1. Properties of System nGX.WSP. Prince (1990) proposed the WSP; the OT constraint WSP ‘*g,w‘ is included in nGX.WSP, an OT system for quantity-sensitive stress, which takes nGX (Alber and Prince to appear) and modifies it minimally, allowing the effects of WSP to be observed: the input distinguishes H and L syllables (nGX lacks a quantity distinction); CON includes every constraint of nGX, in addition to WSP. The full typology was calculated in OT Workplace (Merchant, Prince and Tesar 2015). The analysis of the nGX.WSP typology assumes that ranking conditions are properties within the terms of Property Theory (Alber and Prince to appear; Alber, DelBusso and Prince 2015). The diagram was used to produce every Sp.R.ia grammar of nGX.WSP: a language is made up of values for every property relevant to the language. Analysis. Properties 1.1-4 in nGX.WSP replicate the nGX properties, producing every nGX language. Properties 2.1-7 are additional properties required for nGX.WSP, with 4 including WSP–those properties characterize quantity-sensitivity in this system, meaning instances where the language avoids/allows unstressed H syllables. The graph contains a larger, top cluster, which contains every property of nGX; the larger, bottom cluster contains the additional properties for nGX.WSP. The larger, bottom cluster contains two smaller clusters: the smaller, top cluster contains properties that include WSP in their ERC characterization; the smaller, bottom cluster contains properties that include only the set of nGX constraints in their ERC characterization. Within a node, the four rows represent the following: i) the property reference number and property name, ii) Sp.Ia.R languages in the scope of the property, iii) the property’s ERC characterization, and iv) support for Sp.R.ia languages. The way to interpret a property is as follows: in languages in the scope of the left value of the property, i.e. preceding ‘<>’, one constraint in the set on the left side of the ERC value dominates every constraint on the right side (and vice versa). Notation: Cell shading: WSP faces off against the same set of constraints as a constraint in nGX: colors represent properties where a value is the same on one side; Automated forms from OT Workplace: X =L head-syllable; H=H head-syllable; u =L non-head syllable; o= L unparsed syllable; w=H non-head syllable g=H unparsed syllable; iambs. {-uX-, -wH-, -uH-, -wX-}; trochees.{-Xu-, -Hw-, -Hu-, -Xw-}; terms from Alber and Prince (to appear): multiplicity: Sp(arse), D(ense), unary, hyperaligning; F=foot type constraint; A=Alignment constraint; types of constraint relations= dominant (Fdom, Adom); subordinate (Fsub, Asub) (dom>sub); ia=Iambic; tr=trochaic; R=right-aligning; L=left-aligning.

Supplementary files

Suggested citation:
McManus, Hope. 2015. Quantity-Sensitivity in Modern OT. In Short ’schrift for Alan Prince, compiled by Eric Baković. https://princeshortschrift.wordpress.com/squibs/mcmanus/.

 back to Squibs